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【Learn Chinese】Chinese Lesson: In the Classroom (Part 1)
Imagine you are sitting in a Chinese classroom with Chinese students at a Chinese high school. Would you be able to use proper classroom greetings to greet your teacher and classmates in Mandarin Chinese? Would you be able to understand your Chinese teacher’s classroom command phrases? Would you have enough Chinese classroom vocabulary words and phrases to communicate with classmates and teachers?
If any of your answers are “no,” you’ve come to the right place! In this article, you will learn all about Chinese classroom phrases and school-related basic Chinese words and phrases.
Classroom Greetings
Traditionally in Chinese primary schools and secondary schools, students and teachers greet each other formally at the beginning and end of a class. As soon as the teacher enters the classroom, a student whose role is 班长 (bānzhǎng) “class leader” orders the whole class to stand up and greet the teacher in chorus. Although it might not be this formal in your Mandarin Chinese class, it’s good to know what these phrases mean!
上课!(shàngkè) - Class begins
起立!(qǐ lì) - Stand up
同学们好!(tóngxuémen hǎo) - Hello, students
老师好!(lǎoshī hǎo) - Hello, teacher
下课!(xià kè) - Class ends
Instructions and Questions from Teachers
Teachers play a key role in learning. Knowledge and skills are delivered by teachers through their instructions. There is nothing more important than understanding the teacher and following his or her instructions and understanding the questions.
请拿出课本。(qǐng ná chū kèběn) - “Please take out your textbook.”
请翻到第五十页。(qǐng fān dào dì wǔshí yè) - “Please turn to page fifty. “
请看黑板。(qǐng kàn hēibǎn) - “Please look at the blackboard.”
请跟我读。(qǐng gēn wǒ dú) - “Please read after me.”
请仔细听。(qǐng zǐxì tīng) - “Please listen carefully.”
不要说话。(búyào shuōhuà) - “Do not talk.”
举手回答。(jǔ shǒu huídá) - “Raise your hand to answer (the question).”
小组讨论一下。(xiǎozǔ tǎolùn yíxià) - “Discuss within your group.”
把作业交上来。(bǎ zuòyè jiāo shànglái) - “Hand in your homework.”
懂了吗?(dǒngle ma) - “Understand now?”
听明白了吗?(tīng míngbái le ma) - “Did you understand what I said?”
有没有问题?(yǒu méiyǒu wèntí) - “Questions? “
你同意吗?(nǐ tóngyì ma) - “Do you agree?”
确定吗?(quèdìng ma) - “Are you sure?”
谁想来试试?(shéi xiǎnglái shì shi) - “Who wants to give it a try?”