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【Learn Chinese】What Is The MBTI?
Recently, the MBTI (Myers-Briggs Type Indicator) has gained popularity among young people, sparking a craze for online quizzes, workshops, and personality-based matchmaking services.
Many Chinese companies also use the MBTI for recruitment and team-building to enhance communication among employees.
The MBTI, also known as MBTI测试 (MBTI cèshì) is a personality assessment based on Carl Jung’s theories of psychological types. It is mainly used to measure people’s psychological activities and personality types in obtaining information, making decisions, and dealing with life.
The indicator was developed by Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers in the early 1940s and categorizes individuals into 16 distinct personality types across four dimensions:
Introversion (内向, nèixiàng) vs. Extraversion (外向, wàixiàng).
Sensing (感觉, gǎnjué) vs. Intuition (直觉, zhíjué).
Thinking (思考, sīkǎo) vs. Feeling (情感, qínggǎn).
Judging (判断, pànduàn) vs. Perceiving (知觉, zhījué).
16 Personalities
There are a total of 16 personalities (16型人格, shíliù xíng réngé), each personality type is represented by a four-letter code, which provides insight into an individual’s preferences, behaviors, and interactions with the world.
01: Architect (INTJ): Architects are independent, confident, strategic, and good at planning and solving complex problems.
建筑师 (INTJ) - Jiànzhùshī (INTJ) - Architect (INTJ)
02: Logician (INTP): Logicians are rational, independent, and curious, they are skilled in analysis and logical thinking and enjoy exploring theories and concepts.
逻辑学家 (INTP) - Luójíxuéjiā (INTP) - Logician (INTP)
03: Commander (ENTJ): Commanders are confident, and decisive, possess leadership qualities, and are adept at formulating strategies and achieving goals.
指挥官 (ENTJ) - Zhǐhuīguān (ENTJ) - Commander (ENTJ)
04. Debater (ENTP): Debaters are sharp and curious minds, good at debating, enjoy challenges and innovation, and are eager to explore novel solutions.
辩论家 (ENTP) - Biànlùnjiā (ENTP) - Debater (ENTP)
05. Advocate (INFJ)
Advocates are quiet visionaries, often serving as inspiring and tireless idealists. They are caring for others, with a strong moral compass and sense of purpose.
提倡者 (INFJ) - Tíchàngzhě (INFJ) - Advocate (INFJ)
06. Mediator (INFP): Mediators are poetic, kind, and altruistic people, always eager to help a good cause. They have a deep sense of empathy, understanding, and connection with the emotions of others.
调停者 (INFP) - Tiáotíngzhě (INFP) - Mediator (INFP)
07. Protagonist (ENFJ): Protagonists are inspirational optimists who are quick to take action in pursuit of what they believe is right.
主人公 (ENFJ) - Zhǔréngōng (ENFJ) - Protagonist (ENFJ)
08. Campaigner (ENFP): Campaigners are passionate, creative, adept at inspiring others, and enjoy exploring new ideas and possibilities.
竞选者 (ENFP) - Jìngxuǎnzhě (ENFP) - Campaigner (ENFP)
09. Logistician (ISTJ): Logisticians are known for their practicality, reliability, and meticulous attention to detail. They are practical and fact-minded individuals, whose reliability cannot be doubted.
物流师 (ISTJ) - Wùliúshī (ISTJ) - Logistician (ISTJ)
10. Defender (ISFJ): Defenders are very dedicated and warm protectors, always ready to defend their loved ones. They are known for their kindness, dedication, and strong sense of duty.
守卫者 (ISFJ) - Shǒuwèizhě (ISFJ) - Defender (ISFJ)
11. Executive (ESTJ): Executives are decisive and clear-headed, with a strong sense of duty and responsibility. They value tradition and uphold standards, often setting high expectations for themselves and others.
总经理 (ESTJ) - Zǒngjīnglǐ (ESTJ) - Executive (ESTJ)
12. Consul (ESFJ): Consuls, identified by the personality type ESFJ, are known for their warmth, sociability, and strong sense of community.
执政官 (ESFJ) - Zhízhèngguān (ESFJ) - Consul (ESFJ)
13. Virtuoso (ISTP): The Virtuosos are known for their resourcefulness and adventurous spirit. They are innovative and practical experimenters, and masters of all kinds of tools.
鉴赏家 (ISTP) - Jiànshǎngjiā (ISTP) - Virtuoso (ISTP)
14. Adventurer (ISFP): Adventurers are free spirits who thrive on exploring new experiences and expressing themselves in unique ways. They are sensitive and often drawn to helping others and making the world a more beautiful place.
探险家 (ISFP) - Tànxiǎnjiā (ISFP) - Adventurer (ISFP)
15. Entrepreneur (ESTP): Entrepreneurs are savvy, energetic, and very perceptive people who truly enjoy living on the edge. They are known for their energy, boldness, and knack for taking action.
企业家 (ESTP) - Qǐyèjiā (ESTP) - Entrepreneur (ESTP)
16. Entertainer (ESFP): Entertainers are the life of the party, bringing joy and excitement wherever they go. They are spontaneous and playful, always eager to explore new experiences and share them with others.
表演者 (ESFP) - Biǎoyǎnzhě (ESFP) - Entertainer (ESFP)